Archive for the ‘ពត៌មាន (News)’ Category
We first enjoy the natural photo of Angelina Jolie for Louis Vuitton. In this full talks for Louis Vuitton, Angelina has spoken about her first journey to Cambodia and this single journey changed the course of her life.
Thanks to her frank talks and personal views on Cambodia.
This is something we were waiting for since long time. A real cinema of Hollywood will open on 07 July 2011 with the premiere of Transformers 3: Dark Of The Moon. I learned this from Legend Cinema Fan Page. This is the first Hollywood cinema in Cambodia after absence for a very long time. The ticket will be …[Read more at www.khmerbird.com ]
Become an Architect!
Answers to your questions about careers in architecture
By Jackie Craven, About.com Guide
Would you like to become an architect? What classes should you take in school? How do you get started in your career? And (we have to ask) how much will you earn?
This page answers some of the most frequently asked questions about careers in architecture. The advice comes from several architects who participate in our discussion forum, and from Dr. Lee W Waldrep, an Architectural Education Consultant and author of Becoming an Architect.
What Is an Architect?
An architect is a licensed professional who organizes space. Architects design houses, office buildings, skyscrapers, landscapes, and even entire cities.
Architects are trained in many areas, from historic preservation to structural engineering. Like doctors and lawyers, architects have completed university programs and lengthy internships. In most parts of the world, architects must pass a series of rigorous exams in order be licensed. In North America, the initials RA designate a registered, or licensed, architect.
An information architect is a person who plans the flow of information on Web pages. This use of the word architect is not related to building design.
The services of a licensed architect depend on the type of project; fees may range from 10% to 15% of the total construction costs.
Architects design buildings, but a “Building Designer” is not usually a licensed architect.
arcitect, arkitect, artitect, archatect, architeck, arcitech
Since the dawn of time, humans have constructed dwellings and created new environments. We often use the word “architect” to describe the artists and engineers who designed historic buildings like the Taj Mahal. However, it was only in the twentieth century that architects were required to pass tests and be licensed. Today, the word “architect” refers to a licensed professional.
What can I do with a major in architecture?
Architecture is an art and a science that involves many talents and skills. Students who study architecture in college may go on to become licensed architects, or they can apply their learning to a related profession. Career paths include:
- Advertising Designer
- Architectural Engineer
- Architectural Historian
- Architectural Writer or Journalist
- Art Director
- Building Contractor
- Building Designer
- Building Inspector
- Building Researcher
- Civil Engineer
- Construction Project Manager
- Environmental Engineer
- Fashion Designer
- Furniture Designer
- Industrial Designer
- Interior Designer or Interior Decorator
- Industrial Engineer
- Landscape Architect
- Marine Architect
- Mechanical Engineer
- Production Designer
- Real Estate Appraiser
- Set Designer
- Teacher / Professor
- Urban Planner or Regional Planner
To be an architect, what subjects should I take in high school?
While still in high school, you should plan a strong college preparatory program with courses in English, humanities subjects, mathematics, including geometry, trigonometry, algebra, and pre-calculus, and physics.
Art courses – drawing, painting, sculpture, or photography – will be helpful in developing your ability to visualize and conceptualize, both important skills to an architect.
Elective courses in computers and business will be extremely helpful in preparing for a career in architecture.
How much do architects earn?
Job Outlook for Architects
Architecture, like many other fields, has been profoundly affected by the economic slowdown and the drop in real estate values. Between July 2009 and November 2009, employment at American architecture firms dropped from 224,500 to 184,600, according to the US Department of Labor. And yet the US Department of Labor predicts that over the next ten years, employment of architects will increase more rapidly than the average for all occupations. Projections about the job outlook for architects in the USA are published in the Department of Labor’s Occupational Outlook Handbook.
Salaries for Architects
Many factors influence the salary an architect earns. Income varies greatly according to geographic location, type of firm, level of education, and years of experience. While published statistics can be outdated, they will give you a general idea of the salaries, wages, income, and benefits for architects. According to US Department of Labor statistics, in May 2008 architects in the USA earned between $41,320 and $119,220 a year. The mean annual wage was $76,750 per year, and the mean hourly rate was $36.90.
For more employment statistics, check out the DesignIntelligence Compensation and Benefits Survey (Order Online). This report draws data from approximately 460 practices that offer design services such as architecture, design-build, engineering, interior design, landscape architecture, urban design, and industrial design. More than 25,000 full-time staff are represented in the survey.
According to the DesignIntelligence Compensation Survey for 2009, architect income remains steady despite the economic downturn. Salaries for recent architecture school graduates are increasing. The mean salary for a graduate with a Bachelor of Architecture degree, for example, has risen from $39,333 in 2008 to $41,012 in 2009. The mean salary for a graduate with a Master of Architecture degree has risen from $42,985 to $47,263.
Professional architects with 20 or more years of experience earn an average income of $100,723. Twenty percent of the experienced architects earn up to $142,200, according to the DesignIntelligence survey.
An interior designer with 20 years’ experience is most likely to earn $97,800, with the top 20 percent in making $145,333. Their bonus is 8.3 percent.
The DesignIntelligence Compensation and Benefits Survey is published every year and includes income projections, cost-of-living differentials, and information about benefits and perks. For the most current data, be sure to check the most recent edition.
For more information, go to the website : http://architecture.about.com/cs/careers/a/bearchitect.htm
All this information copy from : http://architecture.about.com/cs/careers/a/bearchitect.htm
Prince William and Catherine Middleton – The Interview
For more information go to the website : http://www.officialroyalwedding2011.org/
Pranav Mistry is one of the inventors of Sixth Sense. He was born in 1981, Palanpur, Gujarat, India. He is a research assistant and a PhD candidate at MIT Media Lab. Sixth Sense has recently attracted global attention and was awarded the 2009 Invention Award by Popular Science. Pranav also won Young Innovator Award TR35 by Technology Review.
Now!! Listen to his presentation about his new invention.
As usual, KhmerBird always features artists, new songs and interesting news. Today Khmerbird is happy to feature special guest, PHENG Sovanvichet, the first Cambodian that just passed the exams of the highest level of technical networking certification offered by Cisco.
The Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert (CCIE) certification is accepted worldwide as the most prestigious networking certification in the industry. His score reached up to 986/1000. It’s incredible and he is listed as number #26884, meaning there’s only 26884 CCIE experts worldwide at the time he took exams.
Read more in Khmerbird.com
Scientists have enormous contribution in the advancement of human civilization. Throughout the history of the world, many scientists have dedicated their lives for research and innovation. Some of them even faced a lot of torture for their theories but they continued their mission and thus we are now in a modern world. I have made a list of 10 great scientists in the history. Well, naturally, I had to leave out a lot of great figures. However, I feel that my list represents some of the greatest scientists ever.
Aristotle is the Great philosopher who had a vast knowledge in different disciplines. Studying different subject he contributed a lot in each of those subjects. He contributed in physics, poetry, zoology, logic, rhetoric, politics, government, ethics, and biology. This laurel Greek philosopher was born in Stagira in 384 BC. His father Nicomachus was a physician to the king Amyntas III of Macedon’s court and it is believed that their ancestors also held this position. Earlier in his life he was taught by his father at home and the medical knowledge he got from his father led him to investigate natural phenomenon later on. At the age of 18 he admitted in to the young Greek aristocracy run by Plato, another Great Greek philosopher, and Aristotle became the most favorite student of Plato.
As a scientist Aristotle made a good contribution which was very influential for the development of the science over the year. Mainly he spent most of his life researching the natural science and he did the researches without making reference to the Mathematics which was later proven as the weakness of his research by the scientists. His natural science oriented research includes botany, zoology, physics, astronomy, chemistry, and meteorology, geometry and many more. He was also the teacher of the Great warrior Alexander the Great. This great philosopher died n 322 BC.
Image Link: Wikipedia
Sir Isaac Newton
Newton was also a man of versatile quality. He was physicist, mathematician, astronomer, alchemist, and natural philosopher in a row. His contribution in the development of science is a special one. He I best known for his explanation of Universal Gravitation and three laws of motion, and he was able to prove that the reason of both the motion of objects on Earth and of celestial bodies are controlled by the same Neutral laws. These findings could make a revolutionary change in the development of science. In mechanical science his great contribution was in optics. He could make a reflecting telescope. He also made some research on light and stars. His research on General binomial Theorem helped to be introduced today’s Calculus.
Newton was born to a farmer family but before three months of his birth his father died and then he was brought up to his maternal grandmother as her mother remarried. Newton could show his talent from his early life in The King’s School in Grantham and later he joined to the Cambridge University where he took his higher degrees.
Image Link: Wikipedia
Galileo is considered as one of the greatest contributor to the development of Science. It is undoubtedly true that Galileo could first helped science to come out of the trend of Aristotle. He was physicist, astronomer, and philosopher and his best known contributions lie in the development of Telescope, first two laws of motion and also in Astronomy. He is also considered as the father of astronomy, father of physics and father of science.
He was born to a mathematician and musician father Vincenzo Galilei and his mother was Giulia Ammannati in Italy. He was taught form his very early life. He was the first scientist who followed the way of quantitative experiments in his research where the result was based on mathematics. He had to suffer a lot from the church for his theories.
Image Link: Galileo
Charles Robert Darwin
There can be debate about whether Charles Darwin (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) is the greatest scientist of all time but there is no doubt that he is the most controversial scientist of all time. On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection (1859)- this is the book that has made Darwin immortal in the world history. This book has changed the course of science radically. It is perhaps an irony that Darwin studied theology and instead of becoming a clergy, he became naturalist.
Darwin went to different parts of the world and carried out extensive research. His theory about origin of human beings caused widespread controversy. Darwin stated that human beings have evolved through many changes and survival of the fittest was in important factor in the development of animal world. Darwin’s theory still causes passionate debate among his supporters and opponents.
Image Link: Charles Darwin
Einstein is the great scientist of the twentieth century and notable physicist of all time. It is told that he had learning disability in his childhood. He could not talk till he was three and could not read till he was eight. Despite such problems he later became the noble prize winner for his contribution to the Physics. His theory of relativity is considered as a revolutionary development of Physics. He got Noble Prize in Physics in 1921 for his explanation of the Photoelectric Effect and for his research in Theoretical physics.
Image Link: Wikipedia
Edison is the great inventor who has over 1000 patents and his inventions are in various fields used in our daily life. In his early life he was thought to have a learning disability and he could not read till he was twelve and later he himself admitted that he became deaf after pulling up to a train car by his ears. He first could able to turn the attention of the world after inventing Phonograph. His one of the most popular invention is the Electric Bulb. He also developed the telegraph system. His invention of carbon telephone transmitter developed the carbon microphone which was used in the telephoned till 1980. He also became a prominent businessman and his business institution produced his inventions and marketed the products to the general people.
Image Link: Wikipedia
Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta
Volta was Italian physicist and he is best known for his contribution to the development of electric battery. This benevolent scientist is also regarded as one of the founder of the electric age. His parents sent him to the Jesuit school intending to make him a Jurist. He also taught in the University of Pavia for 25 year. After that in 1800 he could make voltaic pile which could produce steady electric current. He then worked on to develop the electric bulb. For his work in the electric development he was given a count by Napoleon. Emperor of Austria honored him naming him a professor of Philosophy at Padova. For his honor an electric unit Volt was named after him.
Image Link: Wikipedia
This famous scientist is considered as the greatest scientist of the twentieth century after Einstein. Haw king’s big bang theory and black hole theory has turned the attention of the world. He is the professor of Mathematics of the University of Cambridge. Though he is now about to be paralyzed, he is teaching through a computer supported a machine by which his world are compiled. His physical illness could not make him stop form his research. His famous book is “A Brief History of Time”.
Image Link: Wikipedia
He is one of the most famous contributors in the medical science. He first introduced the germ theory of diseases. This is regarded as the base of today’s microbiology. He found out some of the notion of the microbe and he could find out that the viruses were not detectable through microscope. Another important contribution of Pasteur is to protect harmful microbes in a way called “Pasteurization” where harmful microbes are destroyed by hitting the food. He is undoubtedly the most influential scientist in medical science.
Image Link: Louis Pasteur
Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose
He was the first renowned Bengali scientist who had an important contribution in the invention of Radio and microwave optics. He was born in Mymensingh in Bengal which is the current Munshiganj District in Bangladesh. He studied in Hare school in Kolkata and then he got his B.A. in Science degree from Calcutta University. Then he went to England and got a B.A. degree from Cambridge University and a B.Sc. from London University. After coming back to the country he started teaching Physics in the Presidency College at Kolkata. In his teaching career he had to prove his quality and talent as he was the first Indian to teach Science at the college. In 1894 he started to research on Radio wave to make wireless communication equipments. At the same time Italy’s Marconi also was researching on this project. He first invented “iron-mercury-iron coherer with telephone detector” and he is the first person to use a semiconductor junction to catch the radio waves. It is said that his work on millimeter wavelength made him 50 years ahead. Considering such things it is said that he was the real inventor of Radio but due to his less seriousness towards patent and the communication gap made Marconi to be regarded as the inventor of Radio.
After that he contributed in plant where he could make some vital theory of ascent of sap. In this research he showed that some living cells in the endodermis junction are the reason for the ascent of sap.
Image Link: Wikipedia
Guglielmo Marchese Marconi
Marconi is a Nobel laureate physicist from Italy. He is best known for his invention of Radio and he first introduced wireless telegraph system. He was born to a landowner father Giuseppe Marconi and his mother was Annie Jameson. He was very interested to science form his early life. He initially started working on electromagnetic wave or radio waves invented by Heinrich Hertz. Then after a long research he could figure out such a technology to communicate without wire. After his invention, he marketed this equipment for the commercial purpose and at that time he got a competitor free market in the U.S.
Image Link: Wikipedia
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ដោយ ម៉ៅ សុធានី
ការ នាំអង្ករលក់ចេញទៅក្រៅប្រទេស ដោយក្រុមហ៊ុនឯកជននៅឆ្នាំ២០០៩នេះ គេរំពឹងថា នឹងអាចកើនឡើងចំនួន១០ដង បើប្រៀបធៀបទៅនឹងឆ្នាំ២០០៨។
លោក ភូ ពុយ ប្រធានសហព័ន្ធនៃសមាគមម្ចាស់រោងកិនស្រូវនៅកម្ពុជា បានប្រាប់កាសែតភ្នំពេញប៉ុស្តិ៍ថា យោងតាមតម្រូវការទីផ្សារ នៅក្នុងឆ្នាំនេះ សមាគមម្ចាស់រោងកិនស្រូវនឹងនាំចេញអង្ករយកទៅលក់នៅក្រៅប្រទេស ដែលនឹងអាចកើនឡើងពី ២ម៉ឺនតោននៅឆ្នាំ២០០៨ ទៅ ២០ម៉ឺនតោនក្នុងអំឡុងឆ្នាំ២០០៩នេះ សម្រាប់យកទៅលក់នៅក្នុងប្រទេសអាល្លឺម៉ង់ ម៉ាឡេស៊ី ប្រ៊ុយណេ និងប្រទេសអារ៉ាប៊ី សាអូឌិត។
ដោយ មុំ សុផុន
អគ្គីភ័យ បានឆាបឆេះផ្ទះចំនួន ២៥ខ្នង នៅក្នុងភូមិទួលសង្កែ សង្កាត់ទួលសង្កែ ខណ្ឌឫស្សីកែវ នៅល្ងាចថ្ងៃទី២ ខែកុម្ភៈនេះ ដែលបណ្តាលឲ្យខូចខាតទ្រព្យសម្បត្តិរបស់ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋមិនអាចជួយ សង្គ្រោះបានឡើយ។
ប្រពលរដ្ឋរងគ្រោះនៅក្នុងហេតុការណ៍នោះ លោក ឡាយ ស៊ីហន អាយុ ៦០ឆ្នាំ បានមានប្រសាសន៍ឲ្យដឹងថា អគ្គីភ័យបានឆេះលឿនពេកមិនអាចធ្វើអ្វីទាន់ឡើយ។
លោក ឡាយ ស៊ីហន មានប្រសាសន៍ដូច្នេះថា ៖ «ផ្ទះនៅក្នុងទឹក ហើយដំបូលស័ង្កសី។ ឮថា ទុស្សេខ្សែភ្លើងភឹងឡើងលើតែម្ដង ឡើងលើហើយបានឆេះរាលដាលទៅលិចទៅកើត។ ម្ចាស់នៅហ្នឹង មិនដឹងយ៉ាងម៉េចបានទុស្សេហ្នឹង …គ្មាននរណាពន្លត់ទាន់ទេ អណ្ដាតភ្លើងឡើងតែម្ដង។ បន្តិចឡានទឹកមកដល់ភ្លាម មកទាន់ពេលវេលាដែរ មកកៀកៗគ្នា»។
តាមការអះអាងពីប្រធានក្រុមទី១៨ ក្នុងភូមិទួលសង្កែ ដែលត្រូវភ្លើងឆេះនោះ បានថ្លែងឲ្យដឹងថា តាមការមើលឃើញភ្លើងបានឆាបឆេះពីផ្ទះឈ្មោះ ឡោក ធិន ហើយការឆេះនោះមិនទាន់មានរបាយការណ៍ពីការគ្រោះថ្នាក់ដល់ជីវិត មនុស្សទេ ប៉ុន្តែទ្រព្យសម្បត្តិរបស់ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋត្រូវខូចខាតទាំងស្រុង។
ចំណែកឯនាយការិយាល័យពន្លត់អគ្គីភ័យក្រុងភ្នំពេញ លោកវរសេនីយ៍ត្រី នេត្រ វន្ថា ដែលចុះជួយទៅដល់កន្លែងកើតហេតុនោះ បានថ្លែងបា្រប់ឲ្យដឹងថា អាជ្ញាធរពន្លត់អគ្គីភ័យបានប្រើរថយន្តពន្លត់អគ្គីភ័យចំនួន ១១គ្រឿង រួមជាមួយរថយន្តសង្គ្រោះផ្សេងៗទៀត ហើយប្រើទឹកពន្លត់អស់ជិត ៣០ឡាន ដោយប្រើពេលអស់មួយម៉ោងកន្លះទើបអាចជួយសង្គ្រោះបាន។
លោកវរសេនីយ៍ត្រី នេត្រ វន្ថា ថ្លែងថា ៖ «ស្មុគស្មាញមែនទែនតំបន់ នេះ ដោយសារសំណង់នៅទីនេះអត់មានផ្លូវសម្រាប់យើងធ្វើអន្តរាគមន៍ទេ គឺពិបាកមែនទែន។ ដោយសារការទម្លុះទម្លាយជាមួយមូលដ្ឋាន គាស់ដំបូល គាស់ចន្លោះ ទម្រាំបានយើងមានលទ្ធភាពឲ្យទុយោយើងបាញ់ដល់គោលដៅ ហើយនិងប្រជាពលរដ្ឋគាត់ចូលរួមផង បានទប់ស្កាត់បានដល់ម៉ោងនេះ កុំអីប្រហែលជាអាចខូចជាងហ្នឹងទៅទៀត»។
អភិបាលខណ្ឌឫស្សីកែវ លោក ឃ្លាំង ហួត បានថ្លែងដែរថា គេមិនទាន់អាចវាយតម្លៃនៃការខូចខាតនេះនៅឡើយទេ ប៉ុន្តែការសង្គ្រោះបានទាន់ពេលវេលា បើទោះបីជាស្ថានភាពផ្លូវចូលទៅកន្លែង កើតហេតុហាក់លំបាកក៏ដោយ។
លោក ឃ្លាំង ហួត មានប្រសាសន៍ដូច្នេះថា ៖ «បញ្ហាស្មុគស្មាញគឺ គ្មានផ្លូវចូលសម្រាប់រថយន្តពន្លត់អគ្គីភ័យបានទាន់ពេលវេលា បើសិនជាមានផ្លូវស្រួលបួលប្រហែលជាការខូចខាតមិនធ្ងន់ធ្ងរដល់ កម្រិតហ្នឹងទេ។ ការសង្រ្គោះឥឡូវនេះ តាំងពីមានកំណែទម្រង់គឺយើងល្អណាស់ កាលណាឆេះគឺយើងត្រូវអន្តរាគមន៍ពន្លត់ភ្លាម អត់មានបញ្ហាទេ មិនគិតថា ផ្ទះអ្នកតូច អ្នកធំ អ្នកក្រទេ កន្លែងណាដែលឆេះគឺយើងពន្លត់ទាន់ពេលវេលា។ ដូចជាពេលនេះអ៊ីចឹង បើសិនជាយើងមិនយកចិត្តទុកដាក់ទេ ការឆេះហ្នឹង នឹងរាលដាលធំជាងនេះទៀត ដោយសារតំបន់នេះស្មុគស្មាញ ហើយផ្ទះជាប់គ្នា»។
ក្រុមអាជ្ញាធរបានសំណូមពរដល់ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ ឲ្យបង្កើនការប្រុងប្រយ័ត្នដោយសារតែរដូវក្តៅចូលមកដល់ ខ្លាចក្រែងមានអគ្គីភ័យកើតឡើងជាយថាហេតុដូចនៅពេលនេះ៕
យកទាំងស្រុងពី ៖ វិទ្យុអាស៊ីសេរី